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Changes in Multiple Aspects of Pain Outcomes After Rehabilitation: Analysis of Pain Data in a Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Effects of Adding Sensorimotor Training to Manual Therapy and Exercise for Chronic Neck Pain

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Randomized Controlled Trial

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Structural and chiropractic

Clin J Pain. 2024 Apr 1;40(4):212-220. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000001194.

Authors:

Sureeporn Uthaikhup, Munlika Sremakaew, Julia Treleaven, Gwendolen Jull, Marco Barbero, Deborah Falla, Corrado Cescon

Abstract.

Objectives: To examine changes in pain outcomes to fully evaluate the effect of adding sensorimotor training to manual therapy and exercise in patients with chronic neck pain and sensorimotor deficits. Concordance was examined between pain distribution and pain intensity and patient-reported outcomes. Methods: Participants (n=152) were randomly allocated into 4 intervention groups: One group received local neck treatment (NT) comprising manual therapy and exercise and the other 3 groups received additional sensorimotor training (either joint position sense/oculomotor exercises, balance exercises or both). Treatment was delivered twice a week for 6 weeks. Pain and patient-reported outcomes were measured at baseline, posttreatment, and 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Results: There were greater changes in pain location, extent, and intensity at 6- and 12-month follow-ups in the sensorimotor training groups compared with the NT group ( P <0.05). A greater number of patients in the sensorimotor training groups gained ≥50% reduction in pain extent and intensity relative to the NT group at 6 and 12 months ( P <0.05). Clinical improvement in pain extent was concordant with pain intensity (adjusted kappa=056 to 0.66, %agreement=78.3 to 82.9, P <0.001) and disability (adjusted kappa=0.47 to 0.58, % agreement=73.7 to 79.0, P <0.01) at 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-ups, but not with function and well-being. The oncordance tended to decline with time. Discussion: Multiple aspects of the pain experience improved in the longer term by adding sensorimotor training to NT for patients with neck pain and sensorimotor deficits. The concordance between pain and patient-reported outcomes was not always evident and varied over time, suggesting the need for multidimensional assessments of pain.

Publication Date: 

2024 Apr

OEID: 

7164

Uthaikhup, S., Sremakaew, M., Treleaven, J., Jull, G., Barbero, M., Falla, D., Cescon, C. (2024) 'Changes in Multiple Aspects of Pain Outcomes After Rehabilitation: Analysis of Pain Data in a Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Effects of Adding Sensorimotor Training to Manual Therapy and Exercise for Chronic Neck Pain', Clin J Pain. 2024 Apr 1;40(4):212-220. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000001194.

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