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Changes in pulmonary function following thoracic spine manipulation in a healthy inactive older adult population-a pilot study

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Structural and chiropractic

J Phys Ther Sci.2023 Jul;35(7):492-496

Authors:

Holly Jonely, Dhinu Jayaseelan, Ellen Costello, Joseph Signorino, Liana Wooten, Donal Murray, Josh Woolstenhulme

Abstract.

[Purpose] Pulmonary function pathology is primarily treated pharmacologically, with a range of medication side effects. Few studies have systematically examined non-pharmacologic approaches such as joint manipulation effects on pulmonary function. This study examined the immediate and short-term effects of thoracic manipulation on pulmonary function. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-one physically inactive otherwise healthy participants aged 50 years or older were randomly assigned to either receive three sessions of thoracic manipulation (n=10) or three sessions of "sham intercostal training" (n=11). Outcome measures included forced vital capacity, maximal voluntary ventilation and thoracic excursion during maximal inhalation and exhalation. [Results] There was a statistically significant difference in maximal voluntary ventilation in the manipulation group, when measured within a week of the third intervention session and immediate effects in thoracic excursion during exhalation in the sham group following a single intervention session. There were no significant changes in other measures. [Conclusion] Spinal manipulation had no immediate effect on pulmonary function, however, affected an improvement in maximal voluntary ventilation within 7 days following a third session. The sham intervention showed a change in thoracic excursion during exhalation after the first session. Future research is necessary to further explore the relationship between thoracic manipulation and pulmonary function.

Publication Date: 

2023 Jul

OEID: 

6924

Jonely, H., Jayaseelan, D., Costello, E., Signorino, J., Wooten, L., Murray, D., Woolstenhulme, J. (2023) 'Changes in pulmonary function following thoracic spine manipulation in a healthy inactive older adult population-a pilot study', J Phys Ther Sci.2023 Jul;35(7):492-496

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