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Effectiveness of Cognitive Functional Therapy Versus Core Exercises and Manual Therapy in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain After Spinal Surgery: Randomized Controlled Trial

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Randomized Controlled Trial

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Structural and chiropractic

Phys Ther. 2024 Jan 1;104(1):pzad105. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzad105.

Authors:

Leonardo Avila, Morgana Duarte da Silva, Marcos Lisboa Neves, Andre Rogerio Abreu, Cibelle Ramos Fiuza, Leandro Fukusawa, Arthur de Sá Ferreira, Ney Meziat-Filho

Abstract.

Objective: Our aim was to investigate whether cognitive functional therapy (CFT) was more effective than core exercises and manual therapy (CORE-MT) in improving pain and function for patients with chronic low back pain after spinal surgery. Methods: This study was a randomized controlled superiority trial in a university hospital and a private physical therapist clinic in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Eighty participants who were 18 to 75 years old and had chronic low back pain after spinal surgery received 4 to 12 treatment sessions of CFT or CORE-MT once per week for a maximum period of 12 weeks. Primary outcomes were pain intensity (numeric pain rating scale, scored from 0 to 10) and function (Patient-Specific Functional Scale, scored from 0 to 10) after intervention. Results: We obtained primary outcome data for 75 participants (93.7%). CFT was more effective, with a large effect size, than CORE-MT in reducing pain intensity (mean difference [MD] = 2.42; 95% CI = 1.69-3.14; effect size [d] = 0.85) and improving function (MD = -2.47; 95% CI = -3.08 to -1.87; effect size = 0.95) after intervention (mean = 10.4 weeks [standard deviation = 2.17] after the beginning of treatment). The differences were maintained at 22 weeks for pain intensity (MD = 1.64; 95% CI = 0.98-2.3; effect size = 0.68) and function (MD = -2.01; 95% CI = -2.6 to -1.41; effect size = 0.81). Conclusion: CFT was more effective than CORE-MT, with large effect sizes, and may be an option for patients with chronic low back pain after spinal surgery. Impact: CFT reduces pain and improves function, with large effect sizes, compared with CORE-MT. The difference between CFT and CORE-MT was sustained at the midterm follow-up. Treatment with CFT may be an option for patients with chronic low back pain after spinal surgery. Keywords: Behavioral Interventions; Cognitive Therapy; Low Back Pain; Pain Management; Surgery.

Publication Date: 

2024 Jan

OEID: 

7124

Avila, L., Silva, dDM., Neves, LM., Abreu, RA., Fiuza, RC., Fukusawa, L., Ferreira, SdA., Meziat-filho, N. (2024) 'Effectiveness of Cognitive Functional Therapy Versus Core Exercises and Manual Therapy in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain After Spinal Surgery: Randomized Controlled Trial', Phys Ther. 2024 Jan 1;104(1):pzad105. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzad105.

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