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Efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy combined with myofascial release in patients with mild obstructive sleep apnoea: a randomized controlled trial

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J Oral Rehabil.2023 Jul;50(7):555-565

Authors:

Teresa Paolucci, Martina Ferrillo, Letizia Pezzi, Francesco Agostini, Andrea Di Matteo, Pierpaolo Prosperi, Massimiliano Mangone, Andrea Bernetti, Antonella Spacone, Alessandro de Sire

Abstract.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterized by repetitive narrowing and collapse of pharyngeal airway during sleep, leading to apnoea or hypopnoea. In this context, myofunctional therapy and myofascial release might be effective, despite the literature on the combination of these approaches is still scarce. Objectives: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of oro-facial myofunctional therapy combined with myofascial release in terms of functioning in patients with mild OSA. Methods: Patients aged from 40 to 80 years with diagnosis of mild OSA were randomly allocated into intervention group (oro-facial myofunctional therapy plus myofascial release) and control group (only oro-facial myofunctional therapy). At the baseline (T0), after 4 weeks (T1), and after 8 weeks (T2), the following outcomes were assessed: apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI), average oxygen saturation (SpO2 ), sleep time spent with oxygen saturation < 90% (T90), snoring index, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Results: Out of the 60 patients enrolled, 28 (aged 61.46 ± 8.74 years) complete the treatment in the intervention group and 24 (aged 60.42 ± 6.61 years) in the control group. There were no significant differences in AHI between groups. A significant difference was reported for ΔT0-T1 SpO2 (p = .01), T90 (p = .030), ΔT0-T1 and ΔT0-T2 snoring index (p = .026 and <.001 respectively), and ΔT0-T1 and ΔT0-T2 Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (p = .003 and <.001 respectively). Conclusion: Taken together, a combination of oro-facial myofunctional therapy and myofascial release showed a potential treatment for sleep quality in patients with mild OSA. Future studies are necessary to better investigate the role of these interventions in OSA patients.

Publication Date: 

2023 Jul

OEID: 

6956

Paolucci, T., Ferrillo, M., Pezzi, L., Agostini, F., Matteo, DA., Prosperi, P., Mangone, M., Bernetti, A., Spacone, A., Sire, dA. (2023) 'Efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy combined with myofascial release in patients with mild obstructive sleep apnoea: a randomized controlled trial', J Oral Rehabil.2023 Jul;50(7):555-565

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