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Integrating Osteopathic Principles for Enhanced Dermatological Outcomes: A Literature Review

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Review

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Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment

Cureus. 2024 Jan 21;16(1):e52665. doi: 10.7759/cureus.52665. eCollection 2024 Jan.

Authors:

Nina Ventura, Varun Soti

Abstract.

This paper explores the impact of osteopathic medicine's principles and philosophy on dermatology conditions, focusing specifically on atopic dermatitis (AD), bullous pemphigoid (BP), and acne scars. The aim is to investigate how integrating osteopathic principles into dermatology can improve patient outcomes by addressing visible and internal health factors. The review was conducted through a literature search utilizing PubMed and Journal Storage. By focusing on the interconnectedness of mind, body, and spirit, osteopathic medicine could contribute to the effective treatment of AD. Stress management techniques have been found to significantly aid in the treatment of AD, as stress levels and social stress have a significant impact on the exacerbation of AD symptoms. Micro-needling is a promising treatment for atrophic acne scars, reducing scar severity scores by up to 68.3%. Combining micro-needling with trichloroacetic acid or non-ablative fractional laser technology further enhances treatment efficacy. The development of BP has been linked to alterations in the epidermis. Granzyme B has been identified as a contributing factor in dermal-epidermal junction separation and autoantibody formation, leading to BP. However, the specific link between osteopathic manipulation and Granzyme B levels in BP is not yet firmly established. Although osteopathic manipulation may impact the immune system and inflammation, further investigation is required to determine its precise effects on granzyme B and BP. Nonetheless, integrating osteopathic principles and philosophy into dermatology can improve patient outcomes by addressing visible and internal health factors. The benefits of such integration include improved patient-provider relationships, innovative treatments, better stress management, and individualized care plans. Practitioners should be educated on the significance of complete skin examinations for all patients, and future research should focus on exploring the benefits of osteopathic manipulation for dermatologic conditions. Further investigations into new dermatological treatment methods rooted in osteopathic principles are encouraged. The foundation of dermatology and osteopathic medicine share the importance of physical touch for diagnosis and treatment. An osteopathic approach to dermatology considers the link between cutaneous diseases and systemic health. This approach aligns with the four fundamental osteopathic beliefs: the body functions as a whole unit; a person is an integration of body, mind, and spirit that cannot be separated. The body can regulate itself, heal itself, and maintain its health. The body's structure and function are interdependent and work together. Rational treatment is based upon an understanding of the basic principles of body unity, self-regulation, and the interrelationship of structure and function. Keywords: bullous pemphigoid; dermatology; managing atopic dermatitis; micro-needling; tenets of osteopathic medicine.

Publication Date: 

2024 Jan

OEID: 

7085

Ventura, N., Soti, V. (2024) 'Integrating Osteopathic Principles for Enhanced Dermatological Outcomes: A Literature Review', Cureus. 2024 Jan 21;16(1):e52665. doi: 10.7759/cureus.52665. eCollection 2024 Jan.

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