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Long-term results of Feldmann's osteoplastic approach for chronic middle ear disease

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Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment

Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 1996 Dec;99(12):1746-50.

Authors:

Y Yazawa, H Kitano, M Suzuki, A Kodama, K Kitajima

Abstract.

Between 1978 and 1981, Feldmann's osteopathic approach was often used to manage chronic middle ear disease. In this procedure, the superior and posterior segment of the ear canal wall was cut after complete mastoidectomy, removed temporarily and re-positioned in the previous position after handling the diseased focus in the tympanic isthmus area. Forty-one cases (24 cases of non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media and 17 cases of cholesteatoma) were followed and long-term results of this procedure were studied with regard to re-operative findings following this procedure. Among the 41 patients, 13 (31.7%) required revision surgery because of cholesteatoma formation, infection etc. Seven of these 13 patients (53.8%) required revision surgery because of cholesteatoma formation after this procedure. None of these 7 cases appeared to involve residual cholesteatoma. The most important problem is that 3 of the 7 patients showing cholesteatoma formation had non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media before this procedure. In other words, the Feldmann's osteoplastic approach may iatrogenically induce cholesteatoma formation in non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media. The re-operative findings indicated that the re-positioned canal wall in this procedure may have small bony defects or bony erosion, inducing pocket formation through these defects to create a new cholesteatoma. Although recent literature concerning tympanoplasty recommends posterior canal wall reconstruction using cartilage, bone, ceramic material or bone-pate rather than the canal wall down method, careful follow-up should be continued with regard to pocket formation and/or cholesteatoma formation.

Publication Date: 

1996 Dec

OEID: 

1065

Yazawa, Y., Kitano, H., Suzuki, M., Kodama, A., Kitajima, K. (1996) 'Long-term results of Feldmann's osteoplastic approach for chronic middle ear disease', Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho. 1996 Dec;99(12):1746-50.

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