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Patient Active Approaches in Osteopathic Practice: A Scoping Review


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Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment

Healthcare (Basel). 2022 Mar 14;10(3):524.


Christian Lunghi  , Francesca Baroni  , Andrea Amodio  , Giacomo Consorti , Marco Tramontano  , Torsten Liem


Background: In the field of manual therapies there is a growing interest in moving from passive hands-on approaches to patient active approaches. In the osteopathic field there are both active and passive methods described as integrated in the process of care. However, this prospective linkage has not been formally explored and is not well shared in the community of practice. The present review aims to appraise the relevant literature on the functioning and principles of Patient active osteopathic approaches (PAOAs) and explore a prospective model for selecting the different types of PAOA, highlighting their integration into patient management strategies.

Methods: A scoping review was conducted to analyze the relevant literature on the functioning and the different principles of PAOA and to obtain a comprehensive perspective on the phenomenon.

Results: The eligible articles provide insights into the mechanisms of functioning and principles of application of active approaches to be integrated with hands-on approaches. These results provide new insights into the relevance of PAOA to clinical practice.

Conclusions: The proposal, emerging from the review, may promote discussions in the community of practice and provide a road map for research towards achieving an evidence-based structure for PAOA.

Publication Date: 

2022 Mar



Lunghi, C., Baroni, F., Amodio, A., Consorti, G., Tramontano, M., Liem, T. (2022) 'Patient Active Approaches in Osteopathic Practice: A Scoping Review', Healthcare (Basel). 2022 Mar 14;10(3):524.

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