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Review of effects of spinal manipulative therapy on neurological symptoms

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Review

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Structural and chiropractic

J Bodyw Mov Ther.2023 Apr;34:66-73

Authors:

A Kushnir, B Fedchyshyn, O Kachmar

Abstract.

Background: Neurological disorders are the leading cause of disability in the world. Neurological symptoms significantly affect the well-being of the individual. Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a complementary method often used for people with neurological disorders. Objective: This study aimed to review the existing literature on the effects of SMT on common clinical symptoms of neurologic disorders and the quality of life. Methods: Narrative review was conducted through the literature published between January 2000 and April 2020 in English. The search was performed across four databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, PEDro, and Index to Chiropractic Literature. We used combinations of keywords related to SMT, neurological symptoms, and quality of life. Studies on both symptomatic and asymptomatic populations of different ages were included. Results: 35 articles were selected. Evidence for the administration of SMT for neurological symptoms is insufficient and sparse. Most studies focused on the effects of SMT on pain, revealing its benefits for spinal pain. SMT may increase strength in asymptomatic people and populations with spinal pain and stroke. SMT was reported to affect spasticity, muscle stiffness, motor function, autonomic function, and balance problems, but these studies were limited in number to make conclusions. An important finding was the positive influence of SMT on the quality of life in people with spinal pain, balance impairments, and cerebral palsy. Conclusion: SMT may be beneficial for the symptomatic treatment of neurological disorders. SMT can positively affect the quality of life. However, limited evidence is available, and further high-quality research is required.

Publication Date: 

2023 Apr

OEID: 

6918

Kushnir, A., Fedchyshyn, B., Kachmar, O. (2023) 'Review of effects of spinal manipulative therapy on neurological symptoms', J Bodyw Mov Ther.2023 Apr;34:66-73

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