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The effects of chiropractic, massage and phenylbutazone on spinal mechanical nociceptive thresholds in horses without clinical signs

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Structural and chiropractic

Equine Vet J.2008 Jan;40(1):14-20.

Authors:

K A Sullivan, A E Hill, K K Haussler

Abstract.

Reason for performing study: Common methods used to treat back problems in horses need to be assessed objectively.Objectives: To measure spinal mechanical nociceptive thresholds (MNTs) and evaluate the effects of chiropractic, massage and phenylbutazone, compared with active and inactive control groups.Methods: Baseline MNTs at 7 sites within the thoracolumbar and sacral regions were measured in 38 healthy mature horses exhibiting no clinical signs of lumbar pain. Horses were assigned to one of 3 treatment groups: instrument-assisted chiropractic treatment, therapeutic massage and phenylbutazone; or 2 control groups: ridden exercise (active control) or routine paddock turnout with no ridden exercise (inactive control). MNT measurements were repeated at 1, 3 and 7 days post treatment. The percentage change from baseline MNT values was calculated within groups.Results: On Day 7, the median MNT had increased by 27, 12 and 8% in the chiropractic, massage and phenylbutazone groups, respectively. MNT changes of <1% were seen within the active and inactive control groups.Conclusions: Chiropractic treatment and massage therapy increased spinal MNTs within horses not exhibiting signs of lumbar pain.

Publication Date: 

2008 Jan

OEID: 

4985

Sullivan, AK., Hill, EA., Haussler, KK. (2008) 'The effects of chiropractic, massage and phenylbutazone on spinal mechanical nociceptive thresholds in horses without clinical signs', Equine Vet J.2008 Jan;40(1):14-20.

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