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Beckman, JJ., Speicher, RM. (2020) 'Characteristics of ACGME Residency Programs That Select Osteopathic Medical Graduates ', J Grad Med Educ. 2020 Aug;12(4):435-440.

J Grad Med Educ. 2020 Aug;12(4):435-440.

Characteristics of ACGME Residency Programs That Select Osteopathic Medical Graduates

Jamie J Beckman, Mark R Speicher

Abstract:



Background: The transition from American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) residency matches to a single graduate medical education accreditation system culminated in a single match in 2020. Without AOA-accredited residency programs, which were open only to osteopathic medical (DO) graduates, it is not clear how desirable DO candidates will be in the unified match. To avoid increased costs and inefficiencies from overapplying to programs, DO applicants could benefit from knowing which specialties and ACGME-accredited programs have historically trained DO graduates.

Objective: This study explores the characteristics of residency programs that report accepting DO students.

Methods: Data from the American Medical Association's Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database Access were analyzed for percentage of DO residents in each program. Descriptive statistics and a logit link generalized linear model for a gamma distribution were performed.

Results: Characteristics associated with graduate medical education programs that reported a lower percentage of DO graduates as residents were surgical subspecialties, longer training, and higher US Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 scores of their residents compared with specialty average. Characteristics associated with a higher percentage of DO graduates included interviewing more candidates for first-year positions and reporting a higher percentage of female residents.

Conclusions: Wide variation exists in the percentage of DO graduates accepted as residents among specialties and programs. This study provides valuable information about the single Match for DO graduates and their advisers and outlines education opportunities for the osteopathic profession among the specialties with low percentages of DO students as residents.

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